Following chapters desribe a cosmological model with a supermassive “black hole” in its centre. It is being assumed, that all matter of the Universe, bound by gravitation, are circling and orbiting around that centre (Model.
Reports have been published, according to which supermassive “black holes” were found in the centre of several galaxies (s. Ref). This takes me back to ideas, about which I pondered several decades ago. My assumption was, that there exists a super-massive “black hole” in the centre of our Universe, which I called “Energie-Nullpunkt” at that time. Attempts to discuss my ideas then did not go very far, but some correspondence is still available. I am aware, of course, that my model does not fit into prevailing theories, but nevertheless here is a description:
2. The Model
The main characteristics of my cosmological model are as follows:
In the centre of our Universe rests a supermassive “black hole” (1), which I now may call “Central Point – CP”. All matter of the Universe (2) circulate and orbit around this CP, kept by gravitation.
At the periphery of the Universe there are only elementary particles, as for instance particles of solar wind etc (3). These particles may join up as a result of mutual attraction (gravitation or other force), then circling about their common centre of mass. They are forming an elementary atom (4), which gravitates towards the CP, as some potential energy of the particles goes into the rotating motion.
The elementary atom attracts and captures additional particles. Thereby a nucleus must be formed, since more than two particles of similiar mass cannot circle about a common centre of mass. The atom, now with a nucleus, gravitates again towards the CP (5). This process repeats itself several times, heavier atoms (6) are then accumulating close to the CP.
As density of matter increases close to the CP, clouds are building up, contracting around nuclei to form stars, star systems and galaxies (7). This causes fusion as well as break up of atoms, leading to radiation. With radiation starting, elementary particles are flung back to outer regions of the Universe. The process begins again.
The described cosmological model leads to following conclusions:
(a) Matter in the process of building up is gravitating towards the CP (contraction). Energy is being absorbed, there are no signals. Matter in the stage of building up is invisible (dark matter).
(b) Disintegrating matter is being carried away from the CP (expansion), giving off energy by means of light and other radiation. Disintegrating matter is visible.
(c) Our visible Universe expands, in measuring this expansion the relativistic redshift caused by gravitation of the CP must be taken into account.
(d) The speed of light is not constant. It varies with the radius of the Universe and its mean density. At the periphery of the Universe (3) there is no light, and density of matter and speed of light there goes towards zero. Density of matter, speed of light and energy content of atoms are the higher, the closer to the CP.
(e) Only most simple elementary particles can exist at the periphery of the Universe. Heavy atoms, stars and star systems, even “black holes” are disintegrating and breaking up or are exploding, as they are reaching outer regions of the Universe.
(f) Galaxies with their central “black holes” are in principle smaller copies of the total Universe, and there are still smaller copies in the galaxies. Building up and disintegration of matter may occur – subordinated – in these sub- and subsub-systems the same way as described.
(g) It is beyond our capacity of imagination, but theoretically possible, that our Universe also is only a subsystem, one among many others. With this there may be a gigantic super-massive “black hole” in the centre of a “Super-Universe”. If so, the CP of our Universe might have exploded (Big Bang) the same way, as “black holes” of galaxies will be exploding, when they are reaching outer regions of our Universe. In such a scenario the well known “Big-Bang-Theory” could explain the expansion of our Universe.
Pondering about ways for testing the described model leads to following consideration: Gravitational forces from the centre of our galaxy are doubtlessly affecting to a minor extent the orbits of planets and moons, as well as the orbits of artificial satellites. Will it be possible to determine such probably minuscule effects? If so, there might be a chance, to also detect similiar effects caused by the CP. Abundant orbit data are certainly available as working material.